I’m doing quite a lot of reading lately, and one topic area is the “Internet of Things”. My favourite article on it at the moment is by Bruce Sterling – who argues eloquently that we’re just vassals in the next epic fight between tech giants – and he tweeted this list of critical IoT articles a new days ago, so I thought it was worth a look.
So: here are a quick summaries of the articles on that list. Some articles are much shorter than others, some covering many topics, some just one interesting idea. Almost all of them mention the fridge. This is all my own opinion and skewed towards my particular obsessions.
The articles are from 2013 to November this year (2015). The main themes I found were these:
- Motivation, nudging, measurement and the limitations thereof – and associated monitoring of people and fitting them into a specific fixed set of behaviours
- Ownership and inheriting of devices; identifying and debugging them, resetting them, interrogating them
- Colonisation of the home by big tech companies: and the associate movement of data to the cloud
The most interesting ones for me were Dan Lockton on co-construction, Evan Selinger on the problems with “enchanted things”, Scott Smith in an audio interview about always-on listening devices, Justin McGuirk on monitoring data and preventing proscribed behaviours, and my favourite, I think: an interesting, thoughtful article by Stephanie Rieger based on her experiences of the objects you “inherit” when renting a home. McGuirk’s article made me think that everyone in this field should try a Nest: I find it a very creepy experience (they ‘blink’ as your walk past), because they ‘need to’ know if there are people home.
Data Dada and the Internet of Paternalistic Things by Sara Watson, and Lich House by Warrren Ellis are two nice pieces of design fiction writing, well worth a read, as is Quinn Norton’s eloquent rant about how broken computer security is. And The Internet of Things You Don’t Really Need by Ian Bogost is a fun read on the uselessness of most of the proliferation of products.
Here are brief summaries of all the articles on the list with some further links I found at the end.
As We May Understand, Dan Lockton, November 2014
Interesting and long. Lockton argues that the internet has enabled people to create and understand their world better, and he’s interested in behaviour change that might result from this understanding. These changes could come from IoT devices and data – but one size doesn’t fit all and behaviour change has to be in context. He wants to people to connect their behaviour to the larger system – to understand the relationship between the individual behaviour (dropping litter) and the aggregate results (poor living environments).
He argues that the IoT is a community of people trying to solve problems, in an interesting, constructivist way (learning by doing, goal is exploration and linking physical to the abstract world), but it’s a fairly small, closed world. Co-construction – facilitated exploration with a diverse set of people – would lead to a more nuanced view of the IoT world. It helps the IoT community, but also the people involved:
“We can only trust something if we think we know how it works… When we don’t know how a thing works we make it up.”
This is similar to some of our thinking around Radiodan.
The Internet of Things Will Ruin Birthdays Joanne McNeil, July 2014
She’s right! Birthday harrassment and co-opting by companies.
If This Toaster Could Talk Alexis Lloyd, September 2013
A classification of the new properties of connected objects to objects as portals, objects as subjects, and objects as oracles. And a link to this interesting piece of speculative fiction by Warren Ellis.
Too Much Magic, Too Little Social Friction , Evan Selinger, January 2015
Critical review of a book by David Rose, who talks about enchanted objects as an alernative to cyborgian future (fashionable adjuncts to our bodies) or one of glass everywhere (screens). Critical, because:
- “Magic” hides the complexity of how things got there, including the social and economic processes:
“The magic is founded on grossly underpaid, casualized labor”
- Motivational fitness, communication of stats and nudging, and especially communication of emotional states – speeding them up and simplifying them isn’t a good thing, it’s a bad thing. The communication is a part of it.
“Far from “effort” being a bug that limits interpersonal relationships, it’s an essential feature.”
Stepping Down: Rethinking the Fitness Tracker, Sara Watson, September 2014
Experience of a Fitbit after surgery, and doubts that the one size fits all is useful
Honeywell, I’m Home! The Internet of Things and the New Domestic Landscape, Justin McGuirk, 2015
Good summary of the issues around the “smart home” with an architectural slant. He argues that the sharing economy is leading to a “commodification of the domestic space”. Nest is maybe the paradigm of a “data hoover”.
“The home, then, becomes an extension of our immaterial labor. It is the producer of metrics.”
and the effects of monitoring and judging us on this data:
“the ever-watchful Evgeny Morozov […] calls it “solutionism.” In the name of efficient problem solving, we increasingly rely on sensors, apps, and feedback loops, and then these tools are designed to elicit prescribed forms of behavior.”
‘Dumb’ Smart Gadgets: The Bubble is Set to Burst — Christopher Mims, May 2015
Opinion piece in the Wall Street Journal: most IoT objects are useless, and most depend on a non-existent ecosystem.
Things Get Weird When Objects Get Hooked Up to the Internet of Things Scott Smith, July 2014.
Using Nest IFFT recipes as a way to understand what people want from it
“And, probably, soon enough someone will create an actual chilling effect via Nest when the party you oppose pushes a law through”
Kids and the IoT — Backchanneled — Changeist
Quantified Us Susan Cox-Smith
Can we get away from the narcisim of self-tracking and do something more useful? Doesn’t really talk about privacy though.
The Ethics of Experimentation and the IoT , Anthony Townsend
What if Nest started experimenting on us? (eek)
The Anxieties of Big Data, Kate Crawford, May 2014
Big data needs small data methods to understand it.
Talking to CBC Spark about Emotion and the IoT , Scott Smith, Jan 2013
An audio discussion about monitoring (always-listening devices) and emotion (6 minutes), featuring pattern-matching to the typical, and the ethics and exploitation of difficult mood states or emotions. One for Rain, maybe?
The Machines Are Coming, Zeynep Tufekci, April 2015
Machines are replacing humans in work, reducing their bargaining power. and we should all Be Afraid, yes, even you.
Data Dada and the Internet of Paternalistic Things, Sara Watson, December 2014
Very nice short piece of design fiction about devices sharing data and our inability to debug it.
Public Engagement on the Internet of Things is Essential, Sonia Bussu, December 2014
A summary by an LSE academic of some research around public attitudes to technology changes.
“There is a demand for accountability and governance to respond to concerns of privacy, safety and security, guarantee competition and choice (including opt-out choices) and address questions of unintended consequences and liability
Support for technological and scientific advances will most often depend on individuals believing that they, or the wider society, rather than just companies, will benefit
There are concerns around who’s in control and who’s driving the development and direction of research (commercial imperatives vs. societal values).
Issues of equality are often raised: will new technologies produce big winners and big losers?”
She argues for inclusion and consultation on IoT.
Broke and Scared: The Home of the Future — Ben Valentine, April 2014
Similar issues, examples and references to honeywell-im-home above.
The Internet of Things Will be an Internet of Obsolete Junk Toby Miller, Jan 2015
It’s all in the title.
Everything is Broken, Quinn Norton, May 2014
Eloquent rant about how broken security on computers is
Why Tech’s Best Minds Are Worried About the Internet of Things Klint Finley, May 2014
A Wired report about a summary of interviews with 1606 tech experts, concluding they didn’t like the idea of the IoT because of:
- Dehumanisation through tracking
The full report is more interesting and more positive:
- Logistics efficiency improvements
- Ideas about private clouds
- Interfaces of various kinds
The Changes Leading to a Hyperconnected World Will Change Our Values and Identities, Iiris Lagus, November 2015
Just a question really: will IoT devices change our values, and if so, how? (because societal changes affect what we think is important).
The Internet of Things You Inherit or Leave Behind, Stephanie Rieger, October 2015
Interesting, thoughtful article based on experience of the objects you “inherit” when renting a home, and how it’s not currently part of the inventory:
“I suspect that in the not too distant future, tenants will start demanding a detailed list of what software is installed and where, whether it can be updated or reset to suit new occupants, how easy it is to do so, and who bears responsibility for any associated cloud subscriptions or service costs. “
The importance of identification and interrogation of devices (could IFFT help here too?)
“Smarter and more connected objects may ironically be far more opaque as some (or all?) of the interface may be mediated through software. “
Reminds me of fighting with hotel TVs and particularly the ‘fun’ of batting the bluetooth devices in “Citizen M” in Amsterdam.
“There’s a huge opportunity for brands to develop thoughtful, resilient and sustainable products and ecosystems that truly consider the diversity of contexts and needs related to choosing a home and making it your own — even if just for a week or night.”
Why Smart Objects May Be a Dumb Idea, Zeynep Tufekci, August 2015
Concerns around networked cars
The Internet of Things You Don’t Really Need, Ian Bogost, June 2015
“There’s an infomercial quality to these products. “Take the guesswork out of grilling” with GasWatch. Act now, and get not one, not two, but four Bluetooth wireless-technology enabled GasWatch propane tank meters before the crowdfunding campaign expires.”
“It’s time to admit that the Internet of Things is really just the colonization of formerly non-computational devices for no other reason than to bring them into the fold of computation.”
- Fun ways to spoof tracking if Fitbits are being used for insurance discounts
- IOT botnets are plausible
- An architectural standard for IoT
- Things made to lie and track competitors